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On this website, you will find Legal resources from the colonial time up until now (Constitution, statute law, case law, etc.) in the form of a PDF document.

A search engine is made available to help you in your search.

In most languages a distinction is struck between what is just of right and what is a bundle of rights. The Latin has two words for law- jus and lex. Jus means that which is just or right, and lex means a bundle of such rights. The same distinction is preserved in French. The corresponding words are droit and lois. Similarly we have in German recht and gesetz. In Burmese also we have taya and upade. But in English, the term "law" means both what is right and what is a bundle of rights. Maung Ba Han

The President Office

Notifications, orders and announcements

Under Section 65 of the Constitution (2008), The President and the Vice-Presidents shall make an affirmation as follows :

“I ........... do solemnly and sincerely promise and declare that I will be loyal to the Republic of the Union of Myanmar and the citizens and hold always in esteem non-disintegration of the Union, non-disintegration of national solidarity and perpetuation of sovereignty. I will uphold and abide by the Constitution and its Laws. I will carry out the responsibilities uprightly to the best of my ability and strive for further flourishing the eternal principles of justice, liberty and equality. I will dedicate myself to the service of the Republic of the Union of Myanmar.”

Under Section 210 of the Constitution (2008), The President shall have the right to occasionally deliver an address or send a message to the session of the Pyidaungsu Hluttaw or the Amyotha Hluttaw, or to the entire country relating to the policies and general situation of the Union.

Under Section 447 of the Constitution (2008), Existing rules, regulations, by-laws, notifications, orders, directives and procedures shall remain in operation in so far as they are not contrary to this Constitution until and unless they are repealed or amended by the Union Government.

Any notifications, orders and announcements are made by the President’s office according to the relevant provisions of the Constitution.

Laws and Regulations

Constitutions

Under Section 46 of the Constitution (2008), “The Basic Principles of the Union shall be the guidance in enacting laws by legislature and in interpreting the provisions of this Constitution and other laws”.

Under Section 449 of the Constitution (2008), « this Constitution is the Basic Law of all the laws of the Union ».

You can find 1947 Constitution, 1974 Constitution and 2008 Constitution in English. These translations are the best you can find.

Burma Codes and other Laws

Under Section 446 of the Constitution (2008), "existing laws shall remain in operation in so far as they are not contrary to this Constitution until and unless they are repealed or amended by the Pyidaungsu Hluttaw".

Under Section 447 of the Constitution (2008), "existing rules, regulations, by-laws, notifications, orders, directives and procedures shall remain in operation in so far as they are not contrary to this Constitution until and unless they are repealed or amended by the Union Government".

Most of the provisions of Burma Codes are still in force. After 1946, Parliamentary Acts were written in English. After 1962, Revolutionary Council Laws were written in Burmese. After 1974, Pyithu Hluttaw Laws were also written in Burmese. After 1988, you can find translations in English of Myanmar Laws.

Case Law

Under Section 13 (3) of Burma Law Act of 1898, in cases not provided for by sub-section (1), or by any other enactment for the time being in force, the decision shall be according to justice, equity and good conscience.

After 1968, all the Case Law were written in Burmese.

International Law

Under Section 209 of the Constitution (2008), the President, in accordance with the law :

  • (a) shall enter into, ratify or annul international, regional or bilateral treaties which require the approval of the Pyidaungsu Hluttaw, or revoke from such treaties ;
  • (b) may enter into, ratify or annul international, regional or bilateral treaties which do not require the approval of the Pyidaungsu Hluttaw, or revoke from such treaties.

International Law in this website concerns Investment Law and ASEAN Law.

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